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Breification B8: Why do smartphones Explode?

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  • Nov 16,2022
  • 2 min read
  • 15
  • 234 Views

Every few years, exploding phones find a way to dominate the information cycle. And whilst these accidents are highly rare, they’re a bit hard to understand. Why do telephones explode? And how do I understand that my smartphone won’t explode?

Whenever a Li-ion battery explodes or catches fire, its present process is a method referred to as thermal runaway. This system can be a bit challenging to understand, so we’ll maintain matters short, sweet, and free of dense scientific jargon.

While overcharging and overheating sound like dangerous, battery-bursting nightmares, they hardly ever motive fires or explosions. Slow-forming mechanical screw-ups have a tendency to wreck a battery earlier than it has the risk to enter thermal runaway, and built-in protection aspects stop these disasters from getting out of hand.

This takes place due to the fact of immoderate warmness that is that can lead to a quick circuit inside the battery that breaks down the inside cells. This majorly occurs at very excessive temperatures with an inaccurate battery. Many a time, overcharging can motive this trouble as batteries begin receiving greater contemporary than what they can cope with that leading to overheating.

Causes of excessive heat while charging

There are several motives as to why immoderate heating is brought on in and around the battery. Phones these days come with quick charging that tends to pressure extra modern into the lithium-ion batteries that purpose warmth generation.

Why does this story matter?

Oneplus Case study

In 2021 alone, four OnePlus Nord 2 explosions have been reported, an Alaska Airlines aircraft used to be evacuated after a Galaxy A21 caught fire, and an Indian teen died after a surprising spark from his telephone triggered a fire. Although the possibilities of your smartphone assembly the equal destiny are thin, it is higher to comprehend the reasons and approaches to stop such mishaps.

Actual reasons

Reasons like a manufacturing defect, processor overloading, and the usage of third-party chargers may also reason a smartphone to capture hearth however most of the time it has to do with the device's battery. Physical harm to the battery can additionally lead to short-circuit. In a current Nord two blast, OnePlus had performed an investigation and observed that the smartphone exploded due to "external damage" to the battery.


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I'm a Computer Science graduate, likes to do ordinary work in an extraordinary manner. I'm quite creative, a workaholic. I regularly used analyze new research, development, innovation by tech giants. I'm interested in Machine learning, Data Science along with research work applications on them & solving puzzles, quizzes.

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