Android is an important part of our life nowadays. So, basically when it all happened and how it progresses to the new Android which we see today.
Android is a mobile running Operating System which is based on modified Linux Kernel developed by Andy Rubin and further owned by Google Inc. and now Google owns this Opensource Operating System.
If Android is popular to that extent so why not to look at the past when it starts to grow and reaches in people hands and various changes
1. Android Cupcake (1.5)
This is the first Android that is seen on a Mobile phone with a touchscreen module. The following are the first introduced features :
-> Bluetooth support for A2DP profile
-> Keyboard support (on screen), because it supports touchscreen module.
-> First Android Operating System.
2. Android Donut (1.6)
This version o Android does not have that many improvements over its predecessor (Android Cupcake), though it has:
-> Gesture introduced for the first time.
-> Navigation System introduced.
3. Android Eclairs (2.0)
This is the first Android OS which has a lot of improvements over its predecessor. In this, we have much new functionality introduced to devices such as:
-> Digital Zoom
-> Bluetooth 2.1 support for the first time
-> Live wallpapers
-> New polished UI (User Interface)
4. Android Froyo (2.2)
Just like Android Donut, this is also a polished version of its predecessor instead of introducing new features.
-> USB Tethering
-> Animated GIF’s
5. Android Gingerbread (2.3)
Probably this would be the first Android Operating System seen by all of us initially, this has tones of features inbuilt like :
-> New polished UI (User Interface)
-> Improved Keyboard
-> NFC (Near Field Communication) Support added.
-> VoIP Support
-> Video call support
6. Android Honeycomb (3.0)
This Android is unknown to many of us and there is a reason too, and that is, Android Honeycomb is basically designed and optimized to support huge screen and hence is limited to tablets only, though it does have many improvements over Android 2.3:
-> Multi-Core Support
-> New 3D UI (User Interface).
7. Android Ice-cream Sandwich (4.0)
From Android Ice-cream Sandwich we can say that this is the Android OS which brings a revolution in Mobile industry and every one start to adopt Android as their basic Operating system for their Mobile:
-> New Lock screen actions
-> Facial Recognition
-> Android Beam
-> WIFI Direct
-> Better Camera performance
-> Video stabilization
8. Android JellyBean (4.3)
No major upgrade is there but this is most stable upgrade over Android 4.0 having ;
-> Google now implementation
-> Voice Search
-> Gesture typing
-> 360-degree photosphere
-> 4K support added
-> New Camera UI (User Interface)
9. Android KitKat (4.4)
Android KitKat is one of the famous Variant of Android due to its stability and enhanced performance. Many performance tweaks have been applied like :
-> Performance Improvements
-> Screen recording
10. Android Lollipop (5.0)
Lollipop is one of the famous Android variants which is mostly concentrated to enhance battery performance without compromising the performance of the device
-> Performance improvements
-> HD voice calls
-> New Design
-> Battery improvements
-> Security updates
From Android Lollipop, Google Starts to push regular Android Security Patch to devices for fixing vulnerabilities found on Android devices.
11. Android Marshmallow (6.0)
Now the time has come and we are rapidly using biometrics to unlock devices and here is the Android Marshmallow which supports Biometrics API:
-> USB Type-C
-> Fingerprint Authentication added
-> Permission Dashboard
-> Android Pay Added
-> MIDI Support Added
-> Better battery life due to doze functionality.
12. Android Nougat (7.0)
Google always keeps on updating Android with lots of improvements and added functionality so the same is with Android nougat, this variant can be considered as an upgraded version of marshmallow it has all the features of Android Marshmallow with upgraded level:
-> Multi-window support
-> New emojis
-> Improved touch functionality
-> App shortcuts
13. Android Oreo (8.0)
Android oreo is the latest running Android Operating system from Google and it is a worthy upgrade over Android nougat having:
-> PIP (Picture-in-Picture) mode
-> New emoji’s
-> Instant Apps support
-> Redesigned lock screen
-> Dynamic launcher.